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Servlet or Web Servlet :-

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It is a predefined Java Class that will be inherited by javax.http.servlet package. This class will be compiled by Java Compiler and execute by JVM under  Servlet container by Web Server.

A Servlet container is used to manage the servlet code that is written on java programming language of an application, Webserver is only used to manage static files (HTML, JS, CSS, Jquery) and JSP Web page but dynamic content will be managed by Servlet Container itself.

hence It is also called a Web-based Java class.

Servlet Class will be executed under Servlet container to Web Server.

Servlet class Managed By HttpServlet  Class in Java

Syntax of Servlet:-

Class Classname extends HttpServlet


Servlet Example of Class:-

class A extends HttpServlet
   public void init()

    public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponse response)   //For HttpGet


  public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponse response)   // For HttpPost


public void destroy()


Servlet Life Cycle:-

Servlet Use Four Different State to Perform Operation

1)  Loading:- When we call Servlet class then the servlet object will be loaded under Web Container.

2) Initializing:-  After Successfully loading the servlet object data will be initialized under memory and call init();

3)  Handling Request:-  When we request a servlet from client to server then it will check the service method if it gets then doGet() will be called otherwise doPost() will be called.

4) Destroy:-  This method will be called implicit when the servlet objects will be destroyed.

Live Exmple of Servlet:-

OPEN ECLIPSE---->  FILE ----> NEW ---> Other---> Dynamic Web Project---> Enter project Name--> Modify Server----> Next---> Go into Java Resources---->create package---> Create Servlet class

package scs;


import javax.servlet.annotation.WebServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

public class Hello extends HttpServlet {

public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponse response) throws IOException
PrintWriter out= response.getWriter();
out.print("<h1>Hello World</h1>");

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